n architecture and building engineering, a floor plan, or floorplan, is a diagram, usually to scale, showing the relationships between rooms, spaces and other physical features at one level of a structure.
Dimensions are usually drawn between the walls to specify room sizes and wall lengths. Floor plans will also include details of fixtures like sinks, water heaters, furnaces, etc. Floor plans will include notes to specify finishes, construction methods, or symbols for electrical items.
It is also called a “plan” in architectural terms, as opposed to “elevation” which means how the object will look when seen from a side, or a “cross section” where the building is shown cut along an axis to reveal the interior.
A floor plan is a top view or birds eye view drawing of the interior of a building. A floor plan could show:
- Interior walls and hallways
- Windows and doors
- Appliances such as stoves, refrigerators, water heater etc.
- Interior features such as fireplaces, saunas and whirlpools
- The use of all rooms shall be indicated