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The Kitchen Work Triangle

The design that makes a difference in your work space
Apart from the main bedroom the kitchen is arguably the most important room in a house. That being said; the proper design is therefore as important as the kitchen itself. The work triangle ergonomics concept was introduced during the 18th century before the concept of in-house water and fire was introduced by modern kitchen designs. So with the Stove, refrigerator, Cabinets and Sink in one room how do you design the space to accommodate all this elements and still make it possible to move freely and safely? The Kitchen work Triangle is the answer!

The design aims to address Safety and efficiency in the kitchen workspace by collaborating the layout of the Refrigerator, Sink and Stove to ensure that they are positioned in close proximity but not too close to each other.


  • None of the Entryways should obstruct kitchen appliances nor should appliances interfere with each other. The width of the entryway should at least be 32 inches.
  • No major traffic designs should cross the work triangle.
  • In a design with three primary work areas, the space between them should never be more than 23 feet.  The minimum length of each leg in the work triangle is 4 feet with the maximum length of 9 feet.
  • The minimum width of a working aisle should be 42 inches if the kitchen has one stove, 48 inches if there are multiple cooks.
  • The width of a walkway should be at least 36 inches.
  • Two primary work centres should never be separated by a full-length or height object, e.g. A refrigerator should never separate two work centres.
  • A work area should be included and placed approximately 36 inches wide or 26 inches deep from the sink

This is an ideal design for a small-medium kitchen floor. It’s not efficient for a large kitchen without an island. With the U-shaped design multiple work sites can be easily designed in your kitchen

This design makes the best use of space and is ideal for a kitchen that joins another room with space e.g. A living room. This is also ideal if you normally entertain guests or just want to have a casual chat while working in the kitchen

As shown in the picture, this design constitutes of long units and doesn’t cater for table space. The gallery design is ideal if you need to create more storage space in your kitchen

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